La révolution de la musique dans l’après guerre

La musique devient populaire et touche les masses. Elle devient un moyen de contestation.


Changements après guerre





Les années 50 et 60 voient l'explosion des codes de la musique avec l'invention de nouveaux styles. Pour la première fois, la musique populaire devient une culture de masse, à l'échelle du monde.





L'invention du rock dans les années 50 : Elvis Presley, Jailhouse Rock ici en 1957 :



L'invention de la pop music dans les années 60 :

Les Beach boys : I get around en 1964 :

 


Les Beatles : Help en 1965 :



La black music, originellement contestataire (elle cherche à promouvoir l'égalité et les droits des noirs), connaît un grand succès.

La soul dans les années 1950 :

Do Right Woman - Do Right Man, Aretha Franklin en 1967. Elle souhaite que les femmes ne soient pas considérées comme des objets :



"A woman’s only human
You should understand
She’s not just a plaything
She’s flesh and blood just like her man"




Le funk dans les années 1960 :


Say It Loud (I'm Black and I'm Proud), James Brown, en 1968. Il y défend les droits des noirs.


"Now we demand a chance to do things for ourself
We're tired of beatin' our head against the wall
And workin' for someone else
We're people, we're just like the birds and the bees
We'd rather die on our feet
Than be livin' on our knees
Say it loud, I'm black and I'm proud"

In time, Sly and the family stone, 1973 :



Certaines chansons critiquent la société de consommation :

(I
can't get no) satisfaction
, Rolling Stones, 1965 :


"satisfaction,
satisfaction.
'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try.
I can't get no, I can't get no.

When I'm drivin' in my car
and a man comes on the radio
he's tellin' me more and more
about some useless information
supposed to fire my imagination.
I can't get no, oh no no no.
Hey hey hey, that's what I say.

I can't get no satisfaction,
I can't get no satisfaction.
'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try.
I can't get no, I can't get no.

When I'm watchin' my TV
and a man comes on to tell me
how white my shirts can be.
Well he can't be a man 'cause he doesn't smoke
the same cigarrettes as me.
I can't get no, oh no no no.
Hey hey hey, that's what I say.

I can't get no satisfaction,
I can't get no girly action.
'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try.
I can't get no, I can't get no.

When I'm ridin' round the world
and I'm doin' this and I'm signing that
and I'm tryin' to make some girl
who tells me baby better come back later next week
'cause you see I'm on losing streak.
I can't get no, oh no no no.
Hey hey hey, that's what I say.

I can't get no, I can't get no,
I can't get no satisfaction,
no satisfaction, no satisfaction, no satisfaction."



Le jazz aussi est révolutionné :


So What, Miles Davis, 1959 :



Blue Train, John Coltrane, 1957 :